Stud is a culture-specific identity that is often defined as a black masculine lesbian. As such, it is meant to be an identity label that is exclusively used by black people.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7]

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Stud as an identity can be traced back to its first usages in the 1960s. However, the specific reasoning for using the word "stud" for this identity is unknown. The word stud as a label originates from the latter part of the 20th century, specifically to the 1960s. At that point, working-class black lesbians created stud and other identities for themselves. This is believed to be a reaction to how lesbian feminism at the time was mostly represented by and focused on white women at the expense of lesbians of color, leading to the creation of labels like stud and fish as similar but separate labels from butch and femme, respectively.[1] In particular, one of the earliest published mentions of stud was in a 1965 thesis published by Washington University. During the 2000s, it was noted that stud was more widely used in the black community instead of butch.[7]




Stud is similar to butch, since both terms are often summarized as being for masculine lesbians. However, stud is not intended to be interchangeable with butch. This is mostly due to stud being made exclusively for black lesbians, and is still considered an exclusive identity.[1][4][7]


Both stud and boi are culture-specific identities intended for women of color. While stud is specifically meant for black lesbians, boi is a label for women of color in general. Boi is often used by women of color who are young, masculine, and queer to some degree.[8][9]


Most controversies related to stud involve its appropriation by white lesbians. As mentioned previously, stud is an identity that is meant to be exclusively used by black lesbians. While it is similar to butch, it is meant to be a separate label that is not equivalent or interchangeable with butch.[1][6][7] As a result, there has been backlash and criticism against white butches who attempt to label themselves as studs, especially on social media websites such as TikTok.[6][7]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "Origin of The Stud: Black Queer History" on <>. Published 05-11-2020 by Shades of Noir. (Archived on 2022-03-29)
  2. "Studs and Protest-Hypermasculinity: The Tomboyism within Black Lesbian Female Masculinity" by Laura Lane-Steele on <>. Published 05-10-2011 by Journal of Lesbian Studies. (Archived on 2021-03-08)
  3. "Staying in the Hood: Black Lesbian and Transgender Women and Identity Management in North Philadelphia" by Siobhan Brooks on <>. Published 20-04-2016 by Journal of Homosexuality. (Archived on 2022-06-22)
  4. 4.0 4.1 "The Impact of Patriarchy on Stud Lesbians" by Meilin Miller on <>. Published 2021 by Hollins University. (Archived on 2021-05-15)
  5. "Lipstick or Timberlands? Meanings of Gender Presentation in Black Lesbian Communities" by Mignon R. Moore on <>. Published 2006 by University of California. (Archived on 2022-06-22)
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 "Stud Lesbians, Explained" by Kris Chesson on <>. Published 18-08-2021 by Autostraddle. (Archived on 2021-12-09)
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 "Dear White Lesbians: You Are Not Studs" by Sarah Prager on <>. Published 10-03-2020 by Tagg Magazine. (Archived on 2022-05-27)
  8. "LGBTQ+ Terminology / Vocabulary Prime" on <>. Published by NewYork-Presbyterian. (Archived on 2022-03-21)
  9. "Boi definition: How the once queer term is going mainstream" by Evan Urquhart on <>. Published 21-10-2020 by Slate. (Archived on 2022-04-11)