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Romantic orientation is a term that originates with asexual communities. It is related to a person's romantic attractions or desires, whereas sexual orientation is associated with sexual attractions. Romantic orientation is generally expressed in terms of which gender or genders a person is attracted to in relation to the person's own. These terms usually end in the suffix "-romantic".[1]

Romantic orientations are most often referred to in asexual communities, but they are not exclusive to asexual people. Although a person's sexual and romantic attractions are usually implied by the same word used for their sexual orientation, a person's romantic and sexual orientation may differ. The Split Attraction Model is sometimes used to convey these differences.[1]

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Examples of romantic orientations[]

The labels below aromantic are specifically alloromantic orientations and most are defined in terms of genders. For additional romantic orientation labels under the aromantic umbrella, see aromantic spectrum.

Aromantic[]

Aromantic Flag

The aromantic pride flag

Aromantic, often shortened to aro, describes people who do not experience romantic attraction,[2][1] or experience little-to-no romantic attraction.[3] One of the meanings of the A in LGBTQIA+ is Aromantic.[2] Aromanticism is a romantic orientation and may involve forms of attraction that are not necessarily romantic, or interests in relationships that are intimate in other ways. There is no singular experience of aromanticism.[3]

The aromantic spectrum, also known as "aro-spec", ranges from aromantic to alloromantic, referring to people who regularly and consistently experience romantic attraction.[2] People within the aromantic spectrum are part of a community that has much in common. They may use the label aromantic as a close fit for their experiences or use other labels that further describe them.[3]

Abroromantic[]

Abroromantic individuals experience their romantic orientation as fluid and/or changing over time. Although other kinds of fluidity may involve changes in the genders one is attracted to, abroromanticism involves one's entire orientation changing over time. The intensity of their attractions may change as well.[2]

Androromantic[]

AndroromanticFlag

The androromantic pride flag

Androromantic is a label used to denote romantic attraction to men, males, and/or masculinity.[2][4][5] However, note that androsexual can also be used to mean both sexual and romantic attraction to men, males, and/or masculinity,[6][7][8][9] while androromantic is specifically for romantic attraction by itself. Masromantic is an alternate term to androromantic.[2]

Biromantic[]

Biromantic flag (by pride-flags)

A biromantic flag

Biromantic is a term used to describe people who are capable of feeling a romantic connection to people of any two or more specific and distinct gender identities.[10] Biromantics want to date and form a romantic connection with more than one gender—including cisgender men, women, and other non-rigid identities like transgender and non-binary people.[11]

Ceteroromantic[]

Ceteroromantic flag

Ceteroromantic flag

Ceteroromantic, also sometimes referred to as skolioromantic, is a romantic orientation where a person is romantically attracted to non-binary genders.[2][12][13]

Gyneromantic[]

GyneromanticFlag

The gyneromantic pride flag

Gyneromantic is a label that is used to describe having romantic attraction to women, females, and/or femininity.[2][4][14] Gynesexual can also used to mean both sexual and romantic attraction to women, females, and/or femininity,[6][7][8] but gyneromantic is the label specifically for romantic attraction. Gynoromantic and womaromantic are alternate terms for gyneromantic.[2]

Heteroromantic[]

Heteroromantic describes individuals who feel romantic attraction to people of a gender different than their own. Within the Split Attraction Model, its sexual orientation equivalent is heterosexual.[1]

Homoromantic[]

Homoromantic refers to individuals who feel romantic attraction to people of the same or similar gender as their own. Within the Split Attraction Model, its sexual equivalent is homosexual.[1]

Omniromantic[]

Omniromantic flag

An omniromantic pride flag

Omniromantic is a romantic orientation where a person is attracted to all genders,[2][15] sometimes with a preference for certain genders.[2][16][17] It is often grouped with other romantic orientations that involve attraction to multiple genders, such as biromantic, polyromantic, and panromantic.[18]

Panromantic[]

Panromantic Pride Flag

The panromantic pride flag

Panromantic is a term used to describe people who are capable of feeling a romantic attraction toward people regardless of their sex or gender identity. The sexual equivalent of this is pansexual.[19][20]

Polyromantic[]

Polyromantic, refers to someone who is romantically attracted to many, but not all, genders,[21] and not necessarily involving sexual attraction.[22]

See also[]

References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 "Romantic Orientations" by Asexual Visibility and Education Network on The Asexual Visibility and Education Network(Archived on 2021-12-04)
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 The ABC's of LGBT+ by Ash Hardell. Published 2016 by Mango Media. ISBN 9781633534087.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "About Aromanticism" on Aromantic Spectrum Awareness Week(Archived on 2022-02-20)
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Learn the Basics: Romantic Orientation" by Serrano, Daniel on <sites.psu.edu>. Published 18-09-2015 by Pennsylvania State University. (Archived on 2021-11-26)
  5. "What Does Androromantic Mean? + Other Androromantic Information to Help You Be A Better Ally!" on <queerintheworld.com>. Published by Queer in the World. (Archived on 2022-09-01)
  6. 6.0 6.1 "GLAAD Media Reference Guide 11th Edition - LGBTQ Terms" on <glaad.org>. Published by GLAAD. (Archived on 2022-08-06)
  7. 7.0 7.1 "LGBTQ-Terminology" on <wou.edu>. Published by Western Oregon University Safe Zone. (Archived on 2022-08-16)
  8. 8.0 8.1 "47 Terms That Describe Sexual Attraction, Behavior, and Orientation" on <healthline.com>. Published by Healthline. (Archived on 2022-06-28)
  9. "Comprehensive* List of LGBTQ+ Vocabulary Definitions" by Killermann, Sam on <itspronouncedmetrosexual.com>(Archived on 2022-06-06)
  10. "What Does Biromantic Mean?" by WebMD Editorial Contributors on https://www.webmd.com(Archived on 2021-12-12)
  11. "Being biromantic and bisexual aren't the same — here's what it means to be biromantic" by Laderer, Ashley on https://www.insider.com. Published 2012-09-24. (Archived on 2022-01-14)
  12. The Invisible Orientation: An Introduction to Asexuality by Julie Sondra Decker. Published 2015-08-13 by Skyhorse Publishing. ISBN 1634502434.
  13. "Genderqueer and Non-Binary Identities & Terminology" on <safezones.sdsu.edu>. Published 2011-05-17 by Safe Zones @ San Diego State University. (Archived on 2022-05-19)
  14. "What Does Gynoromantic Mean? + Other Gynoromantic Information To Help You Be A Better Ally!" on <queerintheworld.com>. Published by Queer in the World. (Archived on 2022-09-01)
  15. "Understanding Identities" on <unh.edu>(Archived on 2022-08-03)
  16. "LGBTQIA+ terminology explained" by Pravar Mukkala, Justin Dobski, and Amelia Jarrett on <waghostwriter.com>. Published 2021-01-06 by WA Ghostwriter. (Archived on 2022-06-24)
  17. "LGBTQ+ encyclopedia" on <scratch.mit.edu>. Published 2020-14-06. (Archived on 2022-08-03)
  18. Nikki Hayfield & Karolína Křížová (2021) It’s Like Bisexuality, but It Isn’t: Pansexual and Panromantic People’s Understandings of Their Identities and Experiences of Becoming Educated about Gender and Sexuality, Journal of Bisexuality, 21:2, 167-193, DOI: 10.1080/15299716.2021.1911015
  19. "What Is Panromantic?" on <webmd.com>. Published by WebMD. (no backup information provided)
  20. "What it Means to be Pansexual or Panromantic" by Admin Silverchip on <lgbt.foundation>. Published 2019-05-21. (no backup information provided)
  21. "Exploring identities" on <lgbtq.unc.edu>(Archived on 2021-11-26)
  22. "I Am A Polyromantic" on <optimistminds.com>(Archived on 2021-12-09)
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