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LGBTQIA+ Wiki

Gender identity is a person's internal, deeply held sense of their own gender (or lack thereof). Unlike gender expression, gender identity is not visible to others. An individual's gender identity may or may not align with their birth assignment.[1][2] Most people have a binary gender identity—male/man/boy or female/woman/girl—whether they are cisgender or transgender. For other people, their gender identity does not fit neatly into one of those two options, such as people who are non-binary or genderqueer.[1]

A person's gender identity usually develops when they are very young. Gender variance in exploring gender expressions and gender roles is an expected part of human development for children and teenagers. Most children and adolescents with variance in these behaviors have a gender identity that corresponds to their birth assignment, and this exploration does not necessarily indicate a gender-variant identity. A small percentage of children wish they were another gender instead of the gender assigned at birth.[3] An individual's realization that their gender identity differs from their birth assignment can occur as early as three years old, in childhood prior to the onset of puberty, or later in life.[4] This progression is similar to the awareness of same-sex attraction in childhood developing into using a specific sexual orientation term as a teenager.[3]

Examples[]

The gender identities below are ordered alphabetically rather than by type.

Agender[]

Agender Flag

The agender pride flag

Agender, also known as genderless,[5][6][7] can be one of the A terms in the acronym LGBTQIA+.[5][6] It is a gender identity that has been defined multiple ways, including:[7]

While agender is typically considered under the transgender and/or non-binary umbrellas, different individuals may or may not identify with those terms; those who do use them do not need to transition physically, legally, or socially to be agender.[6][8] Some agender people are genderfluid, meaning their gender identity is not static and changes from being agender.[6] Agender individuals can have any type of gender expression and use any set of pronouns or no pronouns at all just like any other individual can.[9] Agender identities are not exclusive to certain assigned genders at birth or sexual orientations and romantic orientations[10] and the orientation terms used by individuals who are agender may potentially challenge the idea of "same" and "opposite" gender attraction.[6]

Bigender[]

Bigender Flag

The bigender pride flag

Bigender is a gender identity in which a person has or experiences two genders. The genders may be any combination of two genders, and those genders can be binary ("man" or "woman") or non-binary. They may be experienced simultaneously or may alternate, and they may not be experienced equally or in the same way. For example, a bigender person may be both a woman and a man, agender and neutrois, or non-binary and a woman.[7] Bigender is an identity under the transgender umbrella.[6]

Demigender[]

Demigender Flag

The demigender pride flag

Demigender is an umbrella term for non-binary gender identities that feel a partial, but not full, connection to a particular gender. Anyone can be demigender regardless of what gender they were assigned at birth, and demigender individuals may identify as another gender in combination with their demigender identity.[11]

Genderfluid[]

Genderfluid Flag

A genderfluid pride flag

Genderfluid, or simply fluid, refers to someone whose gender identity changes over time. A genderfluid individual can identify as any gender, or combination of genders, at any given time. Their gender can change at random, or it may vary in response to different circumstances. At times, these individuals may identify as male, female, both, or neither.[12] Their pronouns may vary at different times. The term genderfluid can be used as a specific identity in itself or as a descriptive term. They are generally considered under the non-binary and transgender umbrellas, but not all genderfluid individuals identify with those terms. Some genderfluid people transition socially, physically, and/or legally.[13]

Genderqueer[]

Genderqueer Flag

A genderqueer pride flag

Genderqueer is a gender identity that is neither male nor female, is a combination of the two binary genders, is on a continuum between those two genders, or queers gender in some way. Both genderqueer and non-binary can be seen as umbrella terms or as more specific identifiers.[14] Some, but not all, genderqueer people identify as transgender.[15]

Neurogender[]

Neurogender Flag

The neurogender pride flag

Neurogender identity was originally proposed on a Tumblr blog as "a gender feeling that is strongly linked to one's status as neurodivergent".[16] It was further elaborated upon as the following: "Neurogender is a gender feeling that is linked to someone's neurodivergence. It can be both an identity and an umbrella term for genders that are limited to neurodivergent people. Obviously, you have to be neurodivergent to identify as this gender. And no, it is not 'turning neurological disorders into a gender'. Neurogender just means that a person's perception of their gender is influenced by them being neurodivergent."[17] As the meaning of the term "neurodivergent" has been debated, it is unclear which definition was intended.[note 1]

By 2016, "neurogender" had been redefined by others on the Gender Wiki as "an umbrella term to describe when someone's gender is somehow linked to their neurotype, mental illness, or neurological conditions. There are many different neurogenders related to most, if not all, neurodivergencies."[18] This specific redefinition has been cited in at least one print source.[19] In another redefinition from 2018 that was published both online and in print, neurogenders were described as "genders specific to neurodivergent people whose experience of gender relates to their neurotype or who feel they can't fully understand gender due to their neurotype."[20]

Neutrois[]

Neutrois Flag

The neutrois flag

Neutrois is a non-binary gender identity described as being a neutral or null gender.[21] It is considered part of the genderqueer, non-binary, and transgender umbrellas.[22][23]

Non-binary[]

Non-binary Flag

The non-binary pride flag

Non-binary, sometimes written as nonbinary, is a term referring to individuals whose gender identity does not exclusively fall into the binary gender classification of only "man" or "woman."[1] Those who are non-binary may appear either masculine or feminine in some capacity, both, or neither at all.[24][25] Although it is a gender identity on its own, it can also be used as an umbrella term to refer to many gender identities.[26] While non-binary is included in the transgender umbrella, not all non-binary people identify as transgender;[27] some identify as cisgender.[1]

Since identifying as non-binary can mean different things to different people, it is best to ask someone who uses the term what it means to them.[26]

Pangender[]

Pangender flag

A pangender pride flag

Pangender is a gender identity defined as experiencing many or all genders.[6][7] As an identity that is multigender—experiencing or having multiple genders—the number of genders experienced may be unknown or may fluctuate, and they may be experienced one at a time or simultaneously.[7] Pangender encompasses so many genders that is difficult or impossible to list all of them, and can be described as experiencing an immense number of genders.[28][29]

Pangender can also be defined as a multigender which is expansive, nonspecific, vast, and infinite, while still extending only to one's own culture and life experience. There is no limit to the amount of genders a pangender person can have. This identity can go beyond the current knowledge of genders, identifying infinitely with gender, including the hypothetical.[28][29]

It should be noted that the pangender label only includes identities which can be experienced within one's own culture and life experience. Therefore, this identity is not inherently culturally appropriative, nor is it appropriative of other exclusive identities, such as neurogender.[28][29] Pangender falls under the non-binary, multigender, and transgender umbrella terms.[6]

Queer[]

Queer is an identifier for individuals who are not exclusively heterosexual in their sexual orientation,[30] who use it in reference to their gender identity and/or gender expression (as a standalone term or part of another like genderqueer),[31][32] or who are fluid in their identities, as well as an umbrella term for the entire community.[33] It is also used instead of lesbian, bisexual, or gay by some people who find those terms too limiting or loaded with connotations that do not apply to them.[31]The "Q" in LGBTQIA+ and similar acronyms commonly means Queer.[30] As a reclaimed word, it has been used in fights for LGBTQIA+ rights and liberation[34] as an inclusive and sometimes defiant term.[33] PFLAG and GLAAD are two of the organizations that recommend only using it for people who self-identify as queer because it has varying meanings and is not universally accepted.[30][33] In addition, the term may be used in preference to other identifiers by members, for a variety of reasons.[35]

Xenogender[]

Xenogender Flag

The xenogender pride flag

Xenogender is defined as "a gender that cannot be contained by human understandings of gender; more concerned with crafting other methods of gender categorization and hierarchy such as those relating to animals, plants, or other creatures/things".[36] Xenogender individuals may use ideas and identities outside of the gender binary to describe themselves and avoid binary gendered identifiers, such as using only their first name or the name of an animal.[37] They may feel they cannot place a label on themselves,[38] or feel as though they lack the terms to fully express their gender or identity, something that derives from a lexical gap.[note 2][40] The term "xenogender" itself was designed to help fill the lexical gap by using terms not typically associated with gender or describing gender with metaphors.[40] Since it is a gender identity that is outside the binary concepts of masculinity and femininity, xenogender is a non-binary identity.[37]

See also[]

Notes[]

  1. Neurodivergent is a term associated with the neurodiversity movement. Neurodiverse, coined by Judy Singer, is not equivalent to "neurological disorder" or "autistic"; an individual person is not neurodiverse. Neurodiversity is comparable to biodiversity and refers to the neuro-cognitive variability found in all humans, such as mood, learning, attention, social behavior, and other mental traits. The neurodiversity movement is primarily associated with people who are on the autism spectrum, as well as "cousin" conditions such as attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, intellectual disabilities, learning disorders such as dyslexia, and motor disorders such as dyspraxia and Tourette's Syndrome. The term neurodivergent, coined by Kassiane Asasumasu, refers to neurologically divergent from typical or a brain that diverges. Asasumasu has said it is not limited to neurodevelopmental disorders and includes people with mental illnesses or no specific diagnosis. Others have redefined neurodivergent as specific to neurodevelopmental or neurological conditions, and not mood, dissociative, or personality disorders. Further explanations of neurodiversity versus neurodivergence are available on the Neuroqueer blog.
  2. A lexical gap is a word that does not exist in a particular language, although it could exist according to that language's rules.[39]

References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "Glossary of Terms - Transgender" by GLAAD on GLAAD Media Reference Guide - 11th Edition(Archived on 2024-04-09)
  2. "Gender Identity" by The Trans Language Primer on The Trans Language Primer(Archived on 2021-11-05)
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Childhood/Adolescence" by U.S. Institute of Medicine in The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People: Building a Foundation for Better Understanding. Published 2011 by National Academies Press. (web archive)
  4. Nonbinary Gender Identities: History, Culture, Resources by McNabb, Charlie. Published 2018 by Rowman & Littlefield.
  5. 5.0 5.1 The Queens' English: The LGBTQIA+ Dictionary of Lingo and Colloquial Phrases by Davis, Chloe O.. Published 2021 by Clarkson Potter/Publishers. ISBN 9780593135013.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 The A-Z of Gender and Sexuality: From Ace to Ze by Morgan Lev Edward Holleb. Published 2019 by Jessica Kingsley Publishers. ISBN 9781785923425 (paperback), ISBN 9781784506636 (eBook)
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 The ABC's of LGBT+ by Ash Hardell. Published 2016 by Mango Media. ISBN 9781633534087.
  8. "Non-Binary" by The Trans Language Primer on The Trans Language Primer(Archived on 2021-10-26)
  9. "Pride Flags" by The Gender & Sexuality Resource Center on University of Northern Colorado(no backup information provided)
  10. "What Does It Mean to Be Agender?" by Ferguson, Sian on Healthline(no backup information provided)
  11. "LGBTQIA+ Terminology" on <umass.edu> (PDF)(Archived on 2021-10-06)
  12. "Gender Fluid: What Does It Mean?" on <webmd.com>(Archived on 2024-04-30)
  13. "Genderfluid / Genderflux" by The Trans Language Primer on The Trans Language Primer(Archived on 2021-10-24)
  14. "What Does It Mean to Be Genderqueer or Have a Nonbinary Gender?" by Boskey, Elizabeth (PhD.) on Verywell Mind. Published 2017-06-21. (no backup information provided)
  15. "What Is Genderqueer?" by Lane, S. Nicole on Verywell Mind. Published 2020-12-07. (no backup information provided)
  16. "neurogender" (original link down) on MOGAI-archive (Tumblr post). Archived via reblog (Archive link)
  17. [Untitled] (original link down) by aflutteringlaney on <aflutteringlaney.tumblr.com>. Archived via reblog (Archived on 2022-01-22)
  18. "Neurogender" on Gender Wiki. Revision as of 00:00, 25 August 2016 (Archived on 2022-02-08)
  19. Cited in: "At the intersection of trans and disabled" by Vern Harner and Ian M. Johnson in Social Work and Health Care Practice with Transgender and Nonbinary Individuals and Communities, with Shanna K. Kattari, M. Killian Kinney, Leonardo Kattari, and N. Eugene Walls (eds.). Published 2021 by Taylor & Francis. ISBN 9780429443176.
  20. Online: "I'm trans and autistic, and yes (for me), they're related" by corbin, endever* on homo qui vixit. Published 2018-11-14. (Archived on 2022-02-08)
    Print: Spectrums: Autistic Transgender People in Their Own Words, with Maxfield Sparrow (ed.). Published 2020 by Jessica Kingsley Publishers. ISBN 9781787750142.
  21. "Terminology" by Dr. Bohan, Janis on <fortlewis.edu>(no backup information provided)
  22. "Neutrois" on <neutrois.com>. Published by Neutrois.com. (no backup information provided)
  23. "Neutrois" by Wynne, Griffon on <cosmopolitan.com>. Published 2021-08-25 by Cosmopolitan. (no backup information provided)
  24. "Understanding Nonbinary People: How to Be Respectful and Supportive" on National Center for Transgender Equality. Published 2023-01-12. (Archived on 2024-05-02)
  25. "What It Is to Be Nonbinary or Enby" by Tzeses, Jennifer on <psycom.net>. Published 2021-03-10. (Archived on 2024-02-29)
  26. 26.0 26.1 "What Does It Mean to Identify as Nonbinary?" by Abrams, Mere on Healthline(no backup information provided)
  27. "Understanding Gender Identities" by The Trevor Project on <thetrevorproject.org>. Published 2021-08-23. (Archived on 2021-11-21)
  28. 28.0 28.1 28.2 "Pangender and Panflux?" (in English) by pangendering on <pangendering.tumblr.com>. Published 26-09-2014. (no backup information provided)
  29. 29.0 29.1 29.2 "What Does Pangender Mean? + Other Pangender Information To Help You Be A Better Ally!" on <queerintheworld.com>. Published by Queer in the World. (Archived on 2021-11-30)
  30. 30.0 30.1 30.2 "Glossary of Terms: LGBTQ" by GLAAD on GLAAD Media Reference Guide – 11th Edition. Published 2022. (Archived on 2024-04-11)
  31. 31.0 31.1 "Glossary of Terms - Lesbian / Gay / Bisexual / Queer" (original link down) by GLAAD on GLAAD Media Reference Guide - 10th Edition(Archived on 2022-02-03)
  32. "Gender Census 2021: Worldwide Report" by Cassian on Gender Census. Published 2021-04-01. (Archived on 2021-11-21)
  33. 33.0 33.1 33.2 "National Glossary of Terms" by PFLAG on <pflag.org>(Archived on 2024-02-20)
  34. "Queer" by The Trans Language Primer on The Trans Language Primer(Archived on 2021-11-05)
  35. "Coming to an Asexual Identity: Negotiating Identity, Negotiating Desire" by Scherrer, Kristin on <ncbi.nlm.nih.gov>. Published October 1, 2008 by National Center for Biotechnology Information. (no backup information provided)
  36. "Untitled post" (original link down) by Baaphomett on <baaphomett.tumblr.com>. Published 2014-06-24. (Archived on 2014-07-01)
  37. 37.0 37.1 Counselling Skills for Working with Gender Diversity and Identity by Beattie, Michael; Lenihan, Penny; and Dundas, Robin. Published 2018 by Jessica Kingsley Publishers. ISBN 9781784504816.
  38. "LGBTQ+ Youth and the Search for Labels: Identity Exploration Online" by Archer, Katherine on <proquest.com> (PDF). Published by Arizona State University. (no backup information provided) Meân, Lindsey; Cayetano, Catalina; and Taylor, Jameien (graduate supervisor committee). (graduate thesis; approved November 2021)
  39. "LEXICAL GAP (noun)" on Macmillan Dictionary(no backup information provided)
  40. 40.0 40.1 "Demixenogender" on Pride-Flags. Published 2021-02-24. (Archived on 2022-01-25)
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