An affix is a morpheme that is added (affixed) to a root word to change its meaning. Prefixes and suffixes are both types of affixes. A prefix is an affix that occurs before the root word, while an affix attached at the end is a suffix.[1] The addition of prefixes or suffixes creates another orientation term.[2]

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Gender(s) attracted to or experienced

Prefix Meaning Details
homo- attracted to the same gender as one's own[3][2] The literal meaning of hom- is "one and the same; similar; alike".[4]
attracted to similar gender(s) as one's own[3] Inclusive of a range of non-binary genders that are not the "same".[3]
hetero- attracted to the other binary gender[3] or a gender that is not one's own gender[2] Often defined as directed toward the "opposite" gender due to how the gender binary views men and women.[3]
bi- (as a gender term) two genders[3] See: bigender[3]
(as an attraction term) having the potential to be attracted to more than one sex or gender;[5] being attracted to people of a gender like one's own and different from one's own[6] Not necessarily limited to the gender binary.[7] Bi people do not always experience their attractions to different genders equally or in the same way.[3] Bi and pan may be used interchangeably by some people and usage of both or one is personal preference;[8] some consider bi to be an umbrella term that encompasses pan.[6]
tri- three genders[3]
multi- multiple, but not necessarily all, genders[3] When used regarding gender, multi- and poly- can both be used to indicate a person who identifies as more than one gender.[3] However, multigender is generally used as an umbrella term for labels where a person is more than one gender at a time, with polygender being under that umbrella.[9]
omni- any / all genders[3] When used regarding attractions, omni- indicates that the gender of the object of attraction does have an effect on the way that attraction is experienced.[3]
pan- When used regarding attractions, pan- indicates that the gender of the object of attraction does not have an effect on the way that attraction is experienced.[3]
cetero- attracted to non-binary genders[2][3][10] Cetero- replaced skolio-,[2] but opinions differ over whether only non-binary and transgender people should use the term,[3] with some asserting the limitation as a fact.[2][10]


Due to skolio- meaning "bent" or "broken" and implying a need to be fixed, it has been replaced by cetero-.[2]

How the identity is experienced

Prefix Meaning Details
a- lack of[2]
gray- (as a gender term) feeling a weak connection to gender, or otherwise not caring about one's own gender[3] See: graygender[3]
(as an attraction term) usually not experiencing any attraction, only occasionally and depending on the situation[2]
demi- (as a gender term) having or experiencing a partial connection to one or more genders[3] See: demigender[3]
(as an attraction term) not feeling attraction until a close bond has been formed with someone[2] The opposite of fray-[2]
fray- only experiencing attraction when unfamiliar with someone, then losing that attraction when they become closer or more familiar The opposite of demi-[2]
akoi- feeling attraction, but not wanting it reciprocated or losing it when reciprocated[2]
recip- only experiencing attraction towards someone after they are attracted first[2]
abro- one's orientation or feelings about it are changing and cannot be pinned down[2]
novo- one's orientation changes when one's gender changes[2]
cass- feeling indifferent toward attraction and believing it is unimportant[2]
novi- experiencing complicated attraction or no attraction in a way that is difficult to describe with one term
pomo- having no orientation[2]


Suffix Meaning Details
-fluid changing between[3] See: genderfluid[3]
Examples of what fluidity may feel like:
  • An ocean: peaks and valleys of strong, powerful waves, that might be felt deeply or constantly[3]
  • A river: running predictably and smoothly until they suddenly change course[3]
  • A stream: flowing strongly for a time before trickling to a slow flow or a stop[3]
-flux fluctuates in amount or intensity[3]
-fluidflux both fluid between and fluctuating in the intensity of how the identity is experienced[2]
-spike fluctuates (similar to -flux) from low or no levels to sudden, intense "spikes" of experience for a period of time[3]


  1. Shrives, Craig: "Affix". Grammar Monster. (Archived on October 31, 2021).
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.18 Green, Jamison; Hoskin, Rhea Ashley; Mayo, Cris; and Miller, sj. Navigating Trans*+ and Complex Gender Identities. Bloomsbury, 2020. ISBN 9781350061064.
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.18 3.19 3.20 3.21 3.22 3.23 3.24 3.25 3.26 Hardell, Ash. The Gay BC's of LGBT+: An Accompaniment to The ABC's of LGBT+. Mango Media Inc., 2017-11-09. (web archive)
  4. Merriam-Webster Dictionary: "Hom-".
  5. Ochs, Robyn: "I call myself bisexual because..." (2020-10-09). (Archived on February 6, 2022).
  6. 6.0 6.1 Zane, Zachary: "What's the Real Difference between Bi- and Pansexual?" (2018-06-29). Rolling Stone. (Archived on January 20, 2022).
  7. Berg, Alex: "The evolution of the word 'bisexual' — and why it's still misunderstood" (2020-09-24). NBC News. (Archived on November 21, 2021).
  8. "What's the difference between being bisexual and pansexual?" (2021-05-25). Minus18. (Archived on November 21, 2021).
  9. Mere Abrams, LCSW, and Sian Ferguson:: "68 Terms That Describe Gender Identity and Expression" (2022-02-09). (Archived on March 9, 2022).
  10. 10.0 10.1 Holleb, Morgan Lev Edward. The A-Z of Gender and Sexuality: From Ace to Ze. Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 2019. ISBN 9781784506636.